Receta de Flubber
- 2 cucharadas de agua
- 2 cucharadas de plasticola blanca o transparente
- 2 cucharadas de solución de borax
- colorante de alimentos
Solución de borax: mezclar en 16 cucharadas de agua caliente 1/4 de cucharada de borax y mezclar.
- Investigative Question
- List of Materials
- Science terms
- Science behind the experiment
- Answer to Investigative Questions
- Hypothesis comparison
- Final reflection
Summary: Our experiment was to mix a monomer of glue and water and a catalyst of borax and water to create a polymer.
Investigative Question: What is a polymer?
Hypothesis: We think a polymer is slimy and sticky like a thick gel.
List of Materials:
2 teaspoons Elmer’s glue
¼ teaspoon 20 Mule Team Borax
4 teaspoons very warm water divided
2 small plastic cups
- Measure 2 teaspoons of water in another small plastic cup. Add 2 teaspoons of Elmer’s glue. Stir until monomer is mixed.
- Measure 2 teaspoons of water in small plastic cup. Add ¼ teaspoon of borax and stir until catalyst is dissolved
- Slowly mix the catalyst into the monomer.
- When the polymer becomes too stiff to stir, knead with hands.
- Examine and observe the polymer
- We added the borax to hot water, it took 1 minute of stirring to get all the borax to dissolve.
- Next we added glue to hot water in another cup, this took ½ minute to mix.
- We added the borax solution to the glue solution and when we started stirring it became thick and sticky within ½ minute.
- The flubber separated from some of the water in the cup.
- We removed the flubber from the cup and kneaded it until most of the liquid was mixed in.
- There is very little smell (slight white glue, bleach smell)
- It is white and shiny lump
- The texture is smooth and rubbery feeling
- The flubber could flow downward when held, but would break if pulled or stretched.
- It could be rolled into a ball, but would not keep its shape.
- The flubber could be broken into smaller pieces and then be molded back together with no evidence of seams.
- It bounces, but it since it is not round (or a symmetrical shape, it moves at an unpredictable angle from the surface.
- The flubber eventually dries to a firm rubbery texture.
Borax and Water
The Catalyst – Borax & Water
The Monomer- Glue & water Mixing the catalyst into the monomer
Mixing them together
Marker on flubber
See the flubber stretch!
Science Terms & Concepts
Borax – A hydrated sodium borate, Na2B4O7·10H2O, an ore of boron that is used as a cleaning compound.
Catalyst – A substance, usually used in small amounts relative to the reactants, that modifies and increases the rate of a reaction without being consumed in the process.
Compound – A substance made of more than one element
Elastic – capable of resuming former size and shape after being stretched
Molecule – the smallest bit of a substance that still ahs all the properties of the substance. Molecules have one or more atoms.
Monomer – A molecule that can combine with others to form a polymer
Polymer – compounds consisting of repeated linked molecules. They tend to be dense, strong, and flexible. Examples are plastic bottles, styrofoams, latex paints, and chewing gum.
Polyvinyl acetate – A vinyl resin, that it is available in the form of an emulsion that is readily diluted with water, is easily applied, and is safe to use because it contains no flammable solvents.
Science Behind the Experiment
Poly + Meros = Polymer Polymers are composed of many individual units called monomers. These monomers are linked together with chemical bonds to form long chains. The word polymer comes from the Greek words poly: “many” and meros: “parts”. Polymers are composed of many individual units called monomers. These monomers are linked together with chemical bonds to form long chains. A typical polymer is made of 1,000 to 10,000 monomers linked together.
White glue is a water-soluble polymer. Borax is a cross-linker.
Elmer’s glue has a chemical in it called polyvinyl acetate. This is a very long and flexible molecule. Borax solution has a chemical in it called boron. When the borax solution is added to the glue solution, the boron atoms help link the long polyvinyl acetate molecules to each other so they cannot move and flow as easily. When enough polyvinyl acetate molecules get hooked together in the right way, the glue solution changes from being very liquidy to a rubbery kind of stuff!Principles:
- Polymers are stretchable, pliable, and flexible (not brittle, hard, or rigid)
- When cross-links are formed in a polymer, its chains of molecules are connected in several places, production a stronger and more elastic polymer
- The elasticity of some polymers is affected by temperature.Facts:
- Some polymers occur naturally, as in the juice of rubber or aloe plants, and some are manmade.
- Polymers tend to be dense, strong, and flexible. Examples are plastic bottles, styrofoams, latex paints, and chewing gum.
Single Chain Polymer
The chain is really flexible!
The group is not as free to move around!
Playing with Polymers – http://www.eecs.umich.edu/~coalitn/sciedoutreach/funexperiments/agesubject/lessons/polymer.html,
University of Michigan, June 2000
Flubber, A Lesson In Polymer Chemistry –
http://www.knownet.net/users/Ackley/flubber.html, The Teacher’s Desk, Dec. 21, 1997
http://chemistry.org/portal/Chemistry?PID=wondernetdisplay.html&DOC=wondernet\activities\art\flubber.html, Wondernet, American Chemical Society, December 13, 2001
Answer to Investigative Question:
What is a polymer? A polymer is a chemical compound that is stretchy, flexible and elastic. It is created is unique because it has qualities of both a solid and a liquid. It can take the shape of its containers like a liquid does, yet you can hold it in your hand and pick it up like a solid. Polymer molecules chain themselves together (they can stretch and bend like chains) and that makes them special. Jell-O, rubber bands, plastic soda bottles, sneaker soles, even gum are all forms of polymers.
We thought a polymer would be slimy and sticky like a thick gel and found that it was moist but rubbery, and strong but flexible.
We think this was a very interesting experiment to perform. Everyone enjoyed playing with the flubber and noticed that it got a lot of attention from everyone in the school. We made a lot of batches of flubber during the day and once people started playing with it it was hard to stop.The elastic quality of the flubber was probably the best part. The flubber could be allowed to stretch slowly until it was like spaghetti and then formed back into a soft ball. It had the properties of a thick liquid when it spread, but still maintained its shape when moved. W feel that we gained some knowledge about why polymers are commonly used because of their strength and flexibility.